Pyramid-tomb of Zakrevskiy, Berezova Rudka

10296

Coordinates: 50.3177986, 32.2391009
Type of place: Abandoned places, Architecture, Unique places, Cemetery
Entrance: Free
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The village of Berezova Rudka was founded by the Ukrainian hetman Ivan Skoropadskyi in 1717. And in 1752 the Zakrevskyi family had already been redeemed.

The idea of creating a palace complex belonged to Hryhorii Zakrevskyi. At that time, he held the post of Marshal of the Kyiv governorate, and it comprised 11 counties. For the most part, the palace was needed for aristocratic assemblies, which were often held in Berezova Rudka. Under H. Zakrevskyi a park was laid and construction of the palace started. The total area of the estate with parcs is about 100 hectares.

The beautiful architectural park complex of the estate also includes a pyramid - the tomb. Its story is related to Hnat Zakrevskyi, who was the prosecutor-general of 1 Senate Law Department and served on the emperor of the Russian Empire, Alexander III. The diplomat was also a member of the Masonic Lodge. Since 1894, Hnat has been on duty in Egypt, was a valid and plenipotentiary ambassador of the Russian Empire to Egypt. It was this service that gave rise to H. Zakrevskyi's great interest in the ancient Egyptian culture and history of the Egyptian pyramids. In 1899 he was dismissed.

From Egypt to the ancestral estate, he brings to the collection elements of household utensils, masterfully made by Egyptian craftsmen, furniture, as well as a statue of the goddess Isis. The diplomat was also a member of the Masonic Lodge. Under the influence of this, in 1899, he built a pyramid - a tomb above the family crypt. Hryhorii Zakrevskyi crowned his family by decorating the entrance to the pyramid with a family coat of arms, a stone Orthodox cross located on the portico and statues of the goddess Isis, who guarded the entrance to the tomb.

The pyramid in its height was only 9 m, the thickness of the walls did not exceed 30-35 cm. The walls of the pyramid were made of silicate brick, for masonry which used a cement-based mortar with the addition of egg whites. The outer walls of the pyramid were cemented and visually separated into blocks, which gave the illusion of the presence of facing plates. The walls of the tomb were painted in writings. There is evidence that these walls contained quotations from the Holy Scriptures and murals depicting the difficult relations of the Egyptian peasants with their almighty gods. In the center of the cramped hall was an Orthodox altar with a large stone cross, print of which can still be seen.

The Berezova Rudka Pyramid is one of three European pyramids. The second one was probably built in 1877 also in Poltava region - in the village of Komendantivka. The third - in Italy, in Rome, and dates from 18-12 years BC.

In this way, Ihnatii Zakrevskyi allowed himself a symbiosis of ancient Egyptian and Christian culture, as a combination in one cult building of the attributes of the pagan gods of Egypt and a symbol of the Christian church - the cross on which Jesus Christ was crucified.

How to get there?
- by car it is necessary to go on the Kyiv - Kharkiv highway and at the turn near the village of Viktoriia turn towards the village of Berezova Rudka. To settlements 11 km. Palatso - park complex located in the center of the village of Berezova Rudka.

Translated by: Roman Zubritsky
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