Ruins of Hitler bunker «Werewolf», Vinnitsya

16113

Coordinates: 49.3081968, 28.4964323
Type of place: Museums, Unique places
Entrance: Paid
Parking: Arranged
Accessibility for people with disabilities: Yes
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“Werewolf” - Hitler’s headquarters, which was intended to command military operations on the Eastern Front (“Werwolf” is translated from German as “armed wolf”, sometimes this name is translated as “Werwolf” -wolf-werewolf) The rate is 8 kilometers from Vinnitsa.
 
Place history
The headquarters began to be built in December 1941, and on April 4 news came to Berlin that the main facilities were ready and that it was possible to come, that is, they had only 4 months to build. Why did you need a bunker? Hitler had a habit of driving closer to the front. When at the beginning of the war with the Soviet Union it became clear that the blitzkrieg had failed, there was a need for a bunker on the territory of the USSR. Hitler himself was here three times. The first time he arrived on July 16, 1942, and was here until October 31 inclusive, that is, the first visit was the longest in terms of time. At the same time, taking with him almost the entire headquarters and part of the government, he received here foreign delegations from Japan, Romania, and Croatia. The second time he came here in February 1943, the situation changed, Hitler only brought with him representatives of all kinds of troops in order to have a connection. When in March he left his headquarters, it was likely that in time the Soviet army would come here. And there is a legend when Hitler’s young adjutant joked that if the “Soviets” come here and find some of his things, they will pick them up and put them on display in Moscow as trophy ones. To which Hitler replied - “blow the hell out, lest the Soviets rejoice”
 
After that, General Marshal Manstein, who led the nearest front, was placed in a bunker for a long time. But when Hitler, being in another place, received a report from Manstein from this rate, he remembered that he wanted to blow up Werewolf. Soon they were given an official order to undermine the rate. Now Werewolf did not blow up was unrealistic. And so the Germans began to slowly dismantle the structures. At first, wooden houses, after which there were accessories and even parquet for export to Germany. The rest was simply burned, even the nearby forest burned with blue flame.
 
When the Soviet army came here in March 1944, they were a little bewildered. They saw a charred forest and a sticking out concrete box. According to the report, only one room was found with ventilation, sewage and electricity. But most importantly, the entrance to the dungeon was never found.
 
The first time the Germans did not comply. When the Germans were here a second time, they still got their way. The Werwolf bunker is a tonosemn concrete box with thick ceilings. Down was 4 meters, up 3 meters and the side walls of 2.5 meters. Such a box could withstand any blow from the outside. That is, at that moment there was no weapon that could destroy this bunker from the outside. Therefore, the Germans stuffed every bunker with explosives and clearly calculated that with the help of air bombs simultaneously blow up all three bunkers from the inside. If it weren’t for the granite slab on one side, then instead of a forest, there would now be a crater in this place. The blast wave from these bombs was 10 km.
 
When the Soviet Army came here a second time, they found only the exploded entrances to the bunker.

Bunker now
At first glance, this area looks like an ordinary forest with reinforced concrete blocks. At the moment, 3 exploded bunkers, a pool and a water tank (in case of fire) have been preserved. Nowadays, a museum exposition has also been created from the beginning of the occupation to the liberation of the Vinnitsa region. The only thing that was subsequently taken to Werewolf to Germany and returned back is a box from a cryptographic machine. It was donated to the museum by Belgian researcher Martin Bogart, who bought it at an auction in Germany. The Soviet state security agencies also searched here for evidence and a refutation of the existence of the secret laboratories of the Reich.
 
The documentary evidence states that Nazi Germany had 19 such bunkers throughout Europe, and all of them were in places quite interesting from the point of view of history and energy. Therefore, the Vinnytsia region was not chosen for a bunker by chance.

“Werwolf” is not A. Hitler’s only bunker, but probably one of the most famous, because there is an assumption that the Führer spent most of his time here during World War II.

Museum Open Days:
March 20 - Vinnytsia Liberation Day from Nazi invaders
May 9 is Victory Day
May 18 is International Museum Day
September 22 is Guerrilla Glory Day
October 28 is the Day of Liberation of Ukraine from Nazi Invaders
Every last Sunday of the month - for low-income and large families, retirees

Translation by: Yurii Voloshyn
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