Seaport, Odesa


Coordinates: 46.4901051, 30.7452822
Type of place: Monuments\Sights, Airports\Ports\Train Stations
Entrance: Free
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The history
The history of the Odesa Seaport dates back to ancient Greek colonization VIII – IV century BC when the Greeks became interested in the possibility of the new trade routes, markets and the acquisition of the necessary resources and materials, including grain, iron ore and wood. So, the Black Sea coast, and the Gulf of Odesa in particular, were lined with Greek colonial policies, and ports played a key role in this connection.

During the Middle Ages, this place was inhabited by barbarians, later the settlement of Kachibey (Hadzhibey) was formed, which had a port, a fortress, a lighthouse and customs, and mainly traded in grain. Later, in the XV century, the Black Sea and Bessarabia were taken over by the Ottoman Empire. The Turks captured the Hadjibey fortress, which was also called Yeni-Dunya, which means "New World" in Turkic. After two failed attempts, the Russian Empire captured the Black Sea coast, defeating the Turks, capturing the fortress and opening access to the Black Sea. The leader of the military operation was Joseph Deribas.
Leading experts from Europe and the Russian Empire were involved in the development of the South, in particular the military engineer F.P. De Volan, who was actively developing the infrastructure, including the port. This has led to a revival of the region's economic situation, an increase in population, sown areas and the development of trade. Thus, the port of Hajibey has become a major player in the Mediterranean. The grain purchase of the port accounted for more than 40% of the total state purchase of the entire Russian Empire. The governor of the Novorossiysk region, Louis Alexander de Langeron, introduced the city's Porto-Franco status, which gives the right to duty-free import and export of goods, which attracted more and more merchants. In 1900 Odesa was visited by 9,773 ships.
World Wars made their adjustments to the work of the port, which was repurposed according to military needs. Post-war reconstruction gave impetus to the introduction of new technologies, construction of elevators, refrigerators, warehouses, berths, ballast water treatment plants, etc. During Independence, the Church of St. Nicholas, the Museum of the Port of Odessa, a concert and exhibition complex, a yacht club and other health and recreational facilities were established. Nearby is the sculpture "Golden Boy", which is a gift to the city from the author - Ernst Neizvestny, as well as a monument to the sailor's wife, dedicated to the families of sailors.
Translated by: Sophia Turchina
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